Play therapy is a therapeutic process where the child chooses objects, symbols, or types of play to express their inner concerns or work through particular problems. It is done with a trained child therapist who is skilled in interpreting the child's play and who assists in promoting growth and change.
In play therapy, the child therapist is trained to read the metaphors of the play and observe emerging patterns. The child expresses unconscious thoughts, fears, anxieties, and wishes which helps them process or resolve thoughts and feelings that have become "stuck." Generally, this happens in subtle ways, with effects noticed in the child's daily functioning.
The main goals of play therapy are to help the child enhance self-esteem and build the child's coping resources.